If you missed Part 1, please click here to read The Education System in India (Part 1)
There are 28 states and 7 “Union Territories” in India. Each state has its individual elected governments.
In contrast, the Government of India controls the Union Territories. The India school education policies and programmes are announced at a national level periodically. However, the state governments have a lot of freedom in implementing programmes.
There are different organizations that play a vital role in the Educational system in India:
The Central Advisory Board of Education known as CABE was created 1935. This institution monitors all educational policies and programmes.
Origin of the CABE
The idea that there should be a central Advisory Board of Education was first put forward by the Calcutta University Commission (1917-19) which felt “that the Government of India could perform an invaluable function by defining the general aims of educational policy, by giving advice and assistance to local governments and to the development of educational ideas in the various provinces, and also elsewhere than in India.”
This institution commonly referred to as NCERT develops policies and programmes and has the task of preparing a National Curriculum Framework.
At a state level we can find the SCERT, an acronym for the State Council for Educational Research and Training.
The SCERTS follow the guidelines laid out by the NCERT but they have considerably freedom to make changes as they see fit. SCERTs work on educational strategies, develop curricula, discuss pedagogical schemes, try to improve and measure evaluation methodologies and many other less known tasks.
According to the Delhi Government Website:
The SCERT, Delhi an autonomous body, established in May, 1988 has been providing academic resource support to the Directorate of Education and the Education Departments of MCD and NDMC and Cantonment Board so as to achieve overall improvement in the quality of school education . The SCERT support is available through various programmes which include continuing education of teachers, development of appropriate material for teachers and students and undertaking research studies on the problems related to school education in Delhi. The SCERT also oversees and provides necessary guidance towards effective functioning of nine DIETs of Delhi, which among other activities also conducts two years pre-service Diploma Course in Elementary Teacher Education..
In India, by law, Education is free and compulsory for children below 14. 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) goes to education, and approximately half of that goes to primary education exclusively. This GDP percentage has been increasing steadily in the last 50 years.
The Great Education System in India (Hindi Language)
To be continued in part 3